- What is diabetes like?
- Your own risk of getting diabetes?
- 6 ways to prevent diabetes. [Time to read: 6 mins]
What is diabetes like?
Want to know more about what it is like to get everlasting diabetes? Watch video stories of people like you getting diabetes. Almost 9% of adults in England have it, that is 1 adult in every 11 [Evidence ref. no. 28].
Your own risk of diabetes?
Other factors increase your risk of Type 2 diabetes [3, 9]. These include:
- Having a close family member (parent, brother or sister) with Type 2 diabetes
- Being of South Asian or African-Caribbean background – these ethnic groups are twice as likely to get diabetes 
- Having had a heart attack or a stroke
- Having had gestational diabetes (during pregnancy only).
The more risk factors you have, the more likely you are to develop diabetes .
6 ways to prevent diabetes
- Have a look at NHS Choices on causes of diabetes, and how to prevent it.
- If at risk, ask your GP if you can join the Healthier You: NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme, launched by Public Health England, NHS England and Diabetes UK. This helps people at high risk of Type 2 diabetes reduce their risk, by improving their diet, with less alcohol, weight loss more regular exercise and drugs if needed.
- As the World Health Organisation says, “Effective ways are available to prevent type 2 diabetes and to prevent complications and early death. Actions that contribute to good health for everyone: exercise regularly, eat healthily, avoid smoking, control blood pressure and control cholesterol“ . Starting earlier is easier than later!
- You may already have ‘prediabetes‘, as 1 in 3 adults in England do . Ask your GP for a test (OGTT). If you have it, use it to prevent yourself going on to get diabetes. If you get your prediabetes diagnosed early in the 5 years or so that you have it, you have a good chance of preventing yourself going on to get diabetes. This means changing you ‘Lifestyle‘ [3, 9], supported by drugs if needed . So use it or lose it!
- Type 2 diabetes is often linked to being overweight (with a lot of body fat) [9, 10]. Also a big risk for heart and stroke diseases. Are you overweight? Look at NHS Choices weight chart to find out and simple tips to lose weight. Try the NHS weight loss plan?