person enjoying balloon after preventing cancer!
1 in 2 people will develop cancer during their lifetime. In the UK, the 4 most common types of cancer are: breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, bowel cancer. Women and men can each be screened for 3 different types of cancer.
As the UK NHS says, “Over a third of cancers are preventable (Cancer Research UK – 2015). We are investing in cancer prevention and improving our national screening programmes. Recent new cancer services in the UK include:
NHS bowel scope screening is being rolled out to all men and women in England aged 55. From 60 onwards, you’ll be invited to do a bowel cancer screening home test kit every 2 years instead. If you’re 75 or over, you can ask for a home testing kit every 2 years by calling the free NHS bowel cancer screening helpline on 0800 707 60 60.
The NHS Cervical Screening Programme has introduced human papillomavirus (HPV) as the primary screening test in England. Screening for high-risk strains of the virus means it can be monitored and any cell changes can be spotted early on. All 12 and 13 year olds in school Year 8 are offered the HPV vaccine on the NHS.
Most cases of prostate cancer develop in men aged 50 or older. Most men are now offered a ‘multiparametric MRI scan’ before a biopsy to help avoid unnecessary tests. Men over 50 can ask their GP for a PSA blood test.
Making some simple changes to your lifestyle can significantly reduce your risk of developing cancer: healthy eating, taking regular exercise, not smoking.