person enjoying balloon after preventing cancer!
Preventing Cancers + what are your risks?
1 in 2 people will develop cancer during their lifetime. In UK, 4 most common types of cancer are: breast cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, bowel cancer. So suggest, whether man or woman, you go for screening for 3 different common types of cancer.
One in 3 to 1 in 2 of cancers can now be prevented by people taking actions to avoid your personal cancer risks. Also cancer deaths can be reduced by early detection of cancers and then the right treatments [WHO, 2020]. Recent new cancer services in the UK include:
1. New NHS bowel cancer screening is being rolled out from April 2021, to all men and women in England aged 50-74, using a new easier ‘FIT home testing kit’ every two years. If you’re 75 or over, you can ask for a home testing kit every 2 years by calling the free NHS bowel cancer screening helpline on 0800 707 60 60. This video shows you how to use the FIT new video https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/bowel-cancer-screening/ kit at home.
Further information about the bowel cancer ‘FIT test‘; and how to use it is available to download in 10 different languages including Polish, Urdu, Arabic and Chinese (simplified and traditional).
2. The NHS Cervical Screening Programme has introduced human papillomavirus (HPV) as the primary screening test in England. Screening for high-risk strains of the virus means it can be monitored and any cell changes can be spotted early on. All 12 and 13 year olds in school Year 8 are offered the HPV vaccine on the NHS.
3. Most cases of prostate cancer develop in men aged 50 or older. Most men are now offered a ‘multiparametric MRI scan’ before a biopsy to help avoid unnecessary tests. Also, men over 50 can ask their GP for a PSA blood test.
4. Making some simple changes to your lifestyle can significantly reduce your risk of developing cancer. This means healthier eating and drinking, regular exercise, and not smoking. So 2 in every 3 colorectal and bowel cancers, and 1 in 4 breast cancers, can be prevented by changing your lifestyle .
5. New NHS genetic cancer testing helps you find out your risks. Predictive genome tests are a powerful early-warning tool for cancer.